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All About Yoga As A Practice

Yoga is an age-old science composed of distinct areas of body and head. It has originated in India 2500 years ago and remains effective in bringing any person who does it consistently well being and general health. The word yoga relies upon a Sanskrit verb Yuja. It means to concur, to culminate or to connect. It's the culmination of mind and body or the culmination and Shiva (soul and the spirit that is universal). It's also a culmination of Purush and Prakriti (Yin and Yang).

The word Yoga has an extremely comprehensive range. There are lots of schools or systems of Yoga. Dnyanayoga (Yoga through knowledge), Bhaktiyoga (Yoga through devotion), Karmayoga (Yoga through action), Rajayoga (Royal or supreme Yoga) and Hathayoga (Yoga by balancing opposite principles of body). All those schools of Yoga are not necessarily completely different from each other. They're like threads of the exact same fabric, entangled into each other. For thousands of years, Yoga was looked upon as an effective way of self improvement and spiritual enlightenment. All these systems basically have this same function; only the ways of achieving it are different for every one of them. In its most popular form, the term Yoga has come to connect with the last of the systems. For the intent of this article also, the word Yoga is used with the same meaning. Although, in regards to Philosophy of Yoga, which will be in the conclusion of the article, the term Yoga will have a range that is more comprehensive.

Asana and Pranayama

Let us take a detailed look at the main two components of Hathayoga i.e. Asana and Pranayama.

a) Asana:
Asana means acquiring a body posture and keeping it as one's own body permits. Asana, when done rightly according to the rules discussed above, leave tremendous physical and mental benefits. Asana are looked upon as the preliminary measure to Pranayama. Using the custom of Asana there's a reconciliation of opposite principles in the body and head. It also helps to remove inertia. Advantages of Asana are accentuated with longer care of it. Asana needs to be pleasant, steady and stable. Here is the summary of general rules for doing Asana to be followed.

Overview of rules:

1. Normal breathing
2. Concentrated stretching
3. Postures that are agreeable and secure (sthiram sukham asanam)
4. Minimal efforts (Prayatnay shaithilyam)
5. No comparisons or contest with others
6. No jerks or accelerated actions. Maintain a slow and steady pace.

Each asana has its very own advantages plus some common advantages such as stability, flexibility, hormonal secretion that is better and rejuvenated. It is a misconception that an Asana (Yoga stretch) has to be hard in order to be advantageous to do. A majority Asana of the most easy render all of the most popular advantages of Yoga. Besides, the best thing about Yoga is in the fact that at a not-so-perfect degree most of the gains continue to be accessible. That means even a beginner gains from Yoga just as much as a specialist.

Inside their search to find a treatment for the miseries of body and mind, the founders of Yoga located part of the answers in the nature. They saw the birds and animals extending their bodies in particular trend to eliminate the inertia and malaise. Based upon these observations, Yoga stretches were created by them and named them after animals or the birds or fish. For example, matsyasana (fish pose), makarasana (crocodile pose), shalabhasana (grasshopper pose), bhujangasana (cobra pose), marjarasana (cat pose), mayurasana (peacock pose), vrischikasana (scorpion pose), gomukhasana (cow's mouth pose), parvatasana (mountain pose), vrikshasana (tree pose) etc.

Several of the Asana can be generally categorized based upon the sort of pressure on the abdomen. A lot of the forwards bending Asana are positive pressure Asana as they set positive pressure in the gut by crunching it e.g. Pashchimatanasana, Yogamudra (Yoga symbol pose), Hastapadasana (hand and feet pose), Pavanmuktasana (wind free pose) etc. The backward bending Asana are the negative pressure Asana as they consider pressure away from the abdomen e.g. Dhanurasana (bow pose), Bhujangasana (cobra pose), Naukasana (boat pose) etc. Both types of Asana give exceptional reach to abdomen and the back and fortify both these organs. Switching between negative and positive pressure to the exact same area of the body intensifies and enhances blood circulation because area. The muscle group in use gets more supply of oxygen and blood due to the pressure on that spot. E.g. in Yogamudra (symbol of Yoga), the lower abdomen gets positive pressure due to which Kundalini is awakened. Hastapadasana refreshes all nerves in the rear and also in the trunk of the legs. Consequently you feel rejuvenated and fresh. Vakrasana gives a massage that is great to liver and the pancreas and consequently is recommended for diabetic patients.

2. Pranayama
Practicing Pranayama is one of the ways of getting cleared of physical ill health and mental disturbances. Pranayama means prolonged and restricted span of breath. Prana means breath. In addition, it means life force. Ayama means elongation or controlling. Much like a pendulum needs long to return to its initial location, the inhalations are not longer than the exhalations in Pranayama. The main aim of Pranayama is to bring mental firmness and restrain desires by commanding respiration. Respiration is a function of sovereign nervous system. Bringing the involuntary process of breathing under control of head, volition's scope broadened. Pranayama is a bridge between Bahiranga (exoteric) Yoga and Antaranga (esoteric or introspective) Yoga. A body that has not become unstable by Asana and continues to be cleansed by Kriya (cleansing processes) is prepared for Pranayama. On the other hand Pranayama prepares body and your brain for religious and meditational custom of Yoga for example Dharana Dhyana and Samadhi. On physical degree, blood raises in oxygen, later refreshing and rejuvenating the nerves along with the brain. Here are a few physical benefits of Pranayama.
a. Lungs, chest, diaphragm become stronger and fitter.
b. Capacity of lungs is raised.
c. Slow altering pressure creates a type of massage to all organs in the belly cavity.
d. Purifies blood by raising blood's ability to consume more oxygen.
e. Brain functions better with more oxygen in the blood.
f. Neuromuscular coordination improves.
g. Body becomes lean and the skin glows.

There are 8 main Pranayama namely, Ujjayi, Suryabhedan, Sitkari, Shitali, Bhastrika, Bhramari, Murchha, Plavini. Among these, Ujjayi is the most popular Pranayama. Pranayama consists of 4 parts in the following sequence:
1) Puraka (Managed inhalation)
2) Abhyantara Kumbhaka (Holding breath)
3) Rechaka (exhalation that is Controlled)
4) Bahya Kumbhaka (Holding breath out).

The ratio of the parts to each other is typically. Patanjali's Yogasutra agrees with this particular ratio along with a number of other scriptures. With the aim of general wellbeing, practicing the primary three parts is not insufficient. A religious professional normally practices all four parts including the past one i.e. Bahya Kumbhaka. This kind of professional additionally does many more repetitions than someone who does it for general well-being and wellbeing. Out of the four parts of Pranayama, it is the Abhyantara Kumbhaka that's basically identified with Pranayama. There is one more Kumbhaka that occurs spontaneously and is called Keval Kumbhaka.

Bandha (Locks) are very essential to the custom of Pranayama. Mulabandha (locking the anus), Jalandharbandha (locking the throat region or jugular notch), Udiyanabandha (locking the abdomen or diaphragm) and Jivhabandha (locking the tongue) are the four locks which can be performed during Pranayama. Depending on the reason of Pranayama (religious or general health), locks are performed. Udiyanabandha, Jalandharbandha and mulabandha will be the common Bandha. Jivhabandha is mandatory only if done for spiritual purposes.

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