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October 02 2014


A Short Look At Yoga - A History

As we know, yoga is enjoying an immense renaissance on the other side of the world - we know about Bikram's Popular Yoga, Lotus Pose, general physical pretzelling and oh so much about where to buy yoga clothing, yoga mats, even yoga equipment for our pets! However, yoga's real history is rich and long standing and deserves some mention. So without further ado, let us begin close to the beginning.

Between 300AD and 200BC an Indian philosopher called Patanjali gave the world the Yoga Sutras - a number of aphorisms yoga mats wholesale that set out the practice. Though we know very little about the sage himself, Patanjali's great work is considered the cornerstone of the understanding of yoga practice to the deeper internal journey and self- realization. The work is set out into four chapters known as The Samadhi Pada, the Sadhana Pada, the Vibhuti Pada along with the Kaivayla Pada. Yoga means union, sutra is the Sanskrit word and pada is the Sanksrit word for novel. These 196 short phrases remain the foremost body of work in the philosophy of yoga. From the commentary and evaluation of yogis, sages, translators and philosophers over waves upon waves of time we have amassed the wisdom of yoga as it is practiced now - a mixture of asanas, meditation and body/mood attention that's turned out to be of eternal benefit to all who participate in this practice.
The picture of yoga has changed during the previous years. Old views were of quite conventional practicioners, while nowadays yoga appreciates nearly mass market appeal.. Currently, yoga is one of the very most popular fitness actions worldwide. Among its own appeal is that it might be practiced by elders also it can improve the entire physical fitness of sportsmen.

A lot of the yoga fashions that were embraced in the west, were derived in the Hatha Yoga, which can be a broad term that http://yogasimple.net/yoga-for-men-interview-with-kevin-mattison/ denotes the physical departments of the primeval Indian philosophy. The standard Hatha Yoga's purpose was to reach balance between body and head through ethical discipline and physical exercises, which are expressed postures, panorama by some asana: respiration and meditation.

Hatha Yoga
That is the style most recognizable to most people. Hatha Yoga is also referred to as the yoga that is emphatic; the name Hatha comes from a mix Ha (sun) and Tha (moon). The asana practice, which is intended to maintain the body flexible and also to cool the head in preparation is focused largely in by the western practice. This form of yoga also helps in creating a harmony between our double natures (masculine /feminine, hot/cold, will/surrender) and brings us nearer to a deeper practice.

Bhakti Yoga
Bhakti yoga is the yoga of chanting and devotion. Bhakti yoga is approx. 4000 years old making it one of the oldest forms of yoga on earth! North Americans most often come to yoga as a type of exercise, whereas Indian culture approaches asana practice as a means to quiet the head before worship and meditation. Kirtan is the custom of singing the name of God in most his/her divine aspects; translated from Sanskrit it means 'I surrender to the Lord'. Kirtan is performed in a call and response style. The kirtan leader sings a line or verse of prayer or a mantra, along with the kirtan group responds as accurately as possible. Kirtan is a the kirtan group, a conversation between the call leader, a community as well as the energy of the Divine. In classical yoga's eight limb system, kirtan is regarded as pratyahara (focusing the mind inward) and is a bridge between our inner and outer selves. Bhakti yoga is the divine tune and tempo of the human spirit, expressed in tune and chanting.

Jnana Yoga
Jnana yoga is the study of the doctrine of yoga; Jnana is the Sanskrit word. This yoga's practice includes deep meditation practice, study of the self, the True Self along with the Transcendental Self. The yogi is challenged to examine the illusory and the real. The yogi must use their mind to retrain the mind to separate the real in the unreal and consequently discover and liberate the actual Self, to be able to do so. Jnana yoga uses contemplation, introspection and meditation methods to gain enlightenment and wisdom.

Mantra Yoga
This really is chiefly the yoga. The word mantra comes from a mixture of the Sanskrit words guy 'to believe' and tra 'instrumentality' . Mantra is aim expressed as sound, unlike Bhakti yoga, which can be just song and chanting's yoga when you chant 'OM' you are combining bhakti yoga and mantra yoga. Mantras have been chanted for a large number of years (some endlessly for thousands of years!) To guide the head into meditation and also to establish an intention require divine guidance or to create states of consciousness.

Ashtanga Yoga
This targets the flow of bearings so as to improve stamina, strength and flexibility . During a Asthanga Yoga class, the participants jump from one position to another. Therefore, this kind of yoga really isn't the ideal for beginners. People that usually are not well healthy may find it demanding and too challenging. However, if you're interested in boosting your strength, flexibility and stamina and you are healthy enough to take care of an hour of jumping from one posture to a different, Asthanga Yoga can suit you.

Power Yoga
This really is an American development that also embraced several elements from other types of yoga fashions. Power Yoga classes can be found by you primarily in health and fitness clubs. Power Yoga concentrates on strengthening the body by performing Hatha Yoga postures to get a longer time to improve both physical flexibility and mental focus. Power Yoga may be a great exercise for sportsmen, people who practice kinds of fitness activities and individuals who need to tone their body.

Bikram Yoga
A Bikram Yoga class features a series of 26 Hatha Yoga postures practiced in a heated room. It is also called Hot Yoga. The heat's purpose would be to allow the participants to get into each of the yoga poses in a deeper and safer way. The heat also helps clean the body from toxins boosting perspiration. Bikram Yoga focuses more around the entire body's workout, for instance, internal organs and less on flexibility. Bikram Yoga is just not recommended to people and pregnant girls who have problems with heart conditions and high blood pressure, but it might improve the physical fitness of people who recover from harms.

Iyengar Yoga
This focuses on the physical alignment of the body as well as the exact operation of each and every bearing. A few of the Iyengar Yoga postures are practiced with the assistance of props for example belts and blocks that are made to protect the participants' bodies from injuries and to help they achieve the most exact posture. Iyengar Yoga courses are less intense and so more appropriate for people who are much less healthy, since the flows between postures will not be practiced. Iyengar Yoga improves body strength and flexibility and will meet individuals and every physical condition.

September 13 2014


All About Yoga As A Practice

Yoga is an age-old science composed of distinct areas of body and head. It has originated in India 2500 years ago and remains effective in bringing any person who does it consistently well being and general health. The word yoga relies upon a Sanskrit verb Yuja. It means to concur, to culminate or to connect. It's the culmination of mind and body or the culmination and Shiva (soul and the spirit that is universal). It's also a culmination of Purush and Prakriti (Yin and Yang).

The word Yoga has an extremely comprehensive range. There are lots of schools or systems of Yoga. Dnyanayoga (Yoga through knowledge), Bhaktiyoga (Yoga through devotion), Karmayoga (Yoga through action), Rajayoga (Royal or supreme Yoga) and Hathayoga (Yoga by balancing opposite principles of body). All those schools of Yoga are not necessarily completely different from each other. They're like threads of the exact same fabric, entangled into each other. For thousands of years, Yoga was looked upon as an effective way of self improvement and spiritual enlightenment. All these systems basically have this same function; only the ways of achieving it are different for every one of them. In its most popular form, the term Yoga has come to connect with the last of the systems. For the intent of this article also, the word Yoga is used with the same meaning. Although, in regards to Philosophy of Yoga, which will be in the conclusion of the article, the term Yoga will have a range that is more comprehensive.

Asana and Pranayama

Let us take a detailed look at the main two components of Hathayoga i.e. Asana and Pranayama.

a) Asana:
Asana means acquiring a body posture and keeping it as one's own body permits. Asana, when done rightly according to the rules discussed above, leave tremendous physical and mental benefits. Asana are looked upon as the preliminary measure to Pranayama. Using the custom of Asana there's a reconciliation of opposite principles in the body and head. It also helps to remove inertia. Advantages of Asana are accentuated with longer care of it. Asana needs to be pleasant, steady and stable. Here is the summary of general rules for doing Asana to be followed.

Overview of rules:

1. Normal breathing
2. Concentrated stretching
3. Postures that are agreeable and secure (sthiram sukham asanam)
4. Minimal efforts (Prayatnay shaithilyam)
5. No comparisons or contest with others
6. No jerks or accelerated actions. Maintain a slow and steady pace.

Each asana has its very own advantages plus some common advantages such as stability, flexibility, hormonal secretion that is better and rejuvenated. It is a misconception that an Asana (Yoga stretch) has to be hard in order to be advantageous to do. A majority Asana of the most easy render all of the most popular advantages of Yoga. Besides, the best thing about Yoga is in the fact that at a not-so-perfect degree most of the gains continue to be accessible. That means even a beginner gains from Yoga just as much as a specialist.

Inside their search to find a treatment for the miseries of body and mind, the founders of Yoga located part of the answers in the nature. They saw the birds and animals extending their bodies in particular trend to eliminate the inertia and malaise. Based upon these observations, Yoga stretches were created by them and named them after animals or the birds or fish. For example, matsyasana (fish pose), makarasana (crocodile pose), shalabhasana (grasshopper pose), bhujangasana (cobra pose), marjarasana (cat pose), mayurasana (peacock pose), vrischikasana (scorpion pose), gomukhasana (cow's mouth pose), parvatasana (mountain pose), vrikshasana (tree pose) etc.

Several of the Asana can be generally categorized based upon the sort of pressure on the abdomen. A lot of the forwards bending Asana are positive pressure Asana as they set positive pressure in the gut by crunching it e.g. Pashchimatanasana, Yogamudra (Yoga symbol pose), Hastapadasana (hand and feet pose), Pavanmuktasana (wind free pose) etc. The backward bending Asana are the negative pressure Asana as they consider pressure away from the abdomen e.g. Dhanurasana (bow pose), Bhujangasana (cobra pose), Naukasana (boat pose) etc. Both types of Asana give exceptional reach to abdomen and the back and fortify both these organs. Switching between negative and positive pressure to the exact same area of the body intensifies and enhances blood circulation because area. The muscle group in use gets more supply of oxygen and blood due to the pressure on that spot. E.g. in Yogamudra (symbol of Yoga), the lower abdomen gets positive pressure due to which Kundalini is awakened. Hastapadasana refreshes all nerves in the rear and also in the trunk of the legs. Consequently you feel rejuvenated and fresh. Vakrasana gives a massage that is great to liver and the pancreas and consequently is recommended for diabetic patients.

2. Pranayama
Practicing Pranayama is one of the ways of getting cleared of physical ill health and mental disturbances. Pranayama means prolonged and restricted span of breath. Prana means breath. In addition, it means life force. Ayama means elongation or controlling. Much like a pendulum needs long to return to its initial location, the inhalations are not longer than the exhalations in Pranayama. The main aim of Pranayama is to bring mental firmness and restrain desires by commanding respiration. Respiration is a function of sovereign nervous system. Bringing the involuntary process of breathing under control of head, volition's scope broadened. Pranayama is a bridge between Bahiranga (exoteric) Yoga and Antaranga (esoteric or introspective) Yoga. A body that has not become unstable by Asana and continues to be cleansed by Kriya (cleansing processes) is prepared for Pranayama. On the other hand Pranayama prepares body and your brain for religious and meditational custom of Yoga for example Dharana Dhyana and Samadhi. On physical degree, blood raises in oxygen, later refreshing and rejuvenating the nerves along with the brain. Here are a few physical benefits of Pranayama.
a. Lungs, chest, diaphragm become stronger and fitter.
b. Capacity of lungs is raised.
c. Slow altering pressure creates a type of massage to all organs in the belly cavity.
d. Purifies blood by raising blood's ability to consume more oxygen.
e. Brain functions better with more oxygen in the blood.
f. Neuromuscular coordination improves.
g. Body becomes lean and the skin glows.

There are 8 main Pranayama namely, Ujjayi, Suryabhedan, Sitkari, Shitali, Bhastrika, Bhramari, Murchha, Plavini. Among these, Ujjayi is the most popular Pranayama. Pranayama consists of 4 parts in the following sequence:
1) Puraka (Managed inhalation)
2) Abhyantara Kumbhaka (Holding breath)
3) Rechaka (exhalation that is Controlled)
4) Bahya Kumbhaka (Holding breath out).

The ratio of the parts to each other is typically. Patanjali's Yogasutra agrees with this particular ratio along with a number of other scriptures. With the aim of general wellbeing, practicing the primary three parts is not insufficient. A religious professional normally practices all four parts including the past one i.e. Bahya Kumbhaka. This kind of professional additionally does many more repetitions than someone who does it for general well-being and wellbeing. Out of the four parts of Pranayama, it is the Abhyantara Kumbhaka that's basically identified with Pranayama. There is one more Kumbhaka that occurs spontaneously and is called Keval Kumbhaka.

Bandha (Locks) are very essential to the custom of Pranayama. Mulabandha (locking the anus), Jalandharbandha (locking the throat region or jugular notch), Udiyanabandha (locking the abdomen or diaphragm) and Jivhabandha (locking the tongue) are the four locks which can be performed during Pranayama. Depending on the reason of Pranayama (religious or general health), locks are performed. Udiyanabandha, Jalandharbandha and mulabandha will be the common Bandha. Jivhabandha is mandatory only if done for spiritual purposes.
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